August 16, 2014 § 1 Comment
Football season is upon us and women are gearing up for the season. Yes, women are a real target and marketing to women has never been more important. Advertisers know who is buying all those wings and chips for the game. But the female factor goes beyond just supplying the game day food.
“Women are the custodians of most decisions made in the households,” said Mark Waller, the chief marketing officer of the N.F.L. Describing football as “the last great campfire,” which brings families together on Sundays as reliably as church, Waller said women were at the heart of the sport’s most sacred rituals.
The Facts – NFL
More women are regular season viewers of NFL football than NBA and Major League Baseball. Some 23-28% of women watch between 6 and 10 hours of football per week.
45% of NFL fans are women. And 55% of women watch football on television. Over the past decade, average viewership of prime-time NFL games has increased by 31 percent to 20.3 million, according to Nielsen. In 2013, every network that had broadcast games reported increased viewership. Most weeks, in fact, NFL games aren’t just the most-watched sporting events on television — they’re the most-watched thing on TV.
Nine out of 10 top viewed single programs in 2013 were live football events. The only one that wasn’t football was the Oscars. Football has become the only real time event that gathers the whole family in front of the television.
More women watch the Super Bowl than the Grammys or Oscars combined.
The NFL has focused on giving women more than men’s jerseys for the past few years and sales of women’s apparel have tripled over the past four years.
The Facts – The Advertising
Just like we have seen the influence of marketing to women in the Olympics and World Cup Soccer, the top rated commercials during the Super Bowl 2014 definitely appealed to women, Budweiser’s Puppy Love, Dorito’s Cowboy Kid, and Budweiser’s Hero’s Welcome.
The Facts – College Football
39% of college football fans are women. In college, more than 49 million fans turned out to watch a college game in the stands but more than 216 million tuned in to watch a game.
The Facts – At Home
Homegating is a real thing. Football is as much a tradition for Sundays than going to church? It is the one place where family and friends can group around a single event. And eat. Super Bowl Sunday is the second-largest food consumption day of the year, behind only Thanksgiving, according to U.S. Department of Agriculture.
According to Bud Light, female fans (45-percent) are 10-percent more likely than male fans to socialize during a game.
20% of Fantasy Football Fans are women.
The Facts – Influence
Last year, Barna found that Americans believe athletes have a greater influence than any faith leaders. And in a new 2014 study, more than four in 10 women (41%) strongly agree that sports are an important part of American culture.
More than Just Fans
Women are more likely to be fans for life. Women are more brand loyalists and it seems that football teams are really brands. But increasingly, women are becoming more than just fans or grown-up cheerleaders for football. They are playing in football leagues, coaching, sportscasting and taking on referee roles. Sarah Thomas is a name you will likely here this year as the first female referee in the NFL. She shattered the male dominated profession seven years ago at the collegiate level, officiating games for Conference USA. She was the first female official at the NCAA’s Division I level, and the first to work a college bowl game.
Marketing to Women
Marketing to women is often a delicate science of respecting their gender and not falling into some pink state of condescension. It’s not a world of “pink it and shrink it” anymore.
But the stakes are high for females. The male market is tapped out. Women represent the growing side of the football market. But female football fans are dealing with lots of contradictory issues. Health issues are huge for those moms of budding and current NFL players. Violence often makes headlines with players in the headlines for everything from domestic assault to murder. Women were particularly upset with the slap-on-the-wrist two-game suspension for Ravens Ray Rice who knocked his fiancé unconscious in a casino earlier this year.
And at the same time, we see the tremendous good that comes from the sports community service. Individual players have foundations that work with kids, support charities and volunteer in the community.
But all that pink? Once a year, the NFL sponsors a breast cancer awareness game where players wear pink shoes and gloves and a portion of the pink NFL merchandise sales goes to the American Cancer Society.
Can football continue to grow? It seems it will take a deep understanding of women and their role in the game – as mothers, as sports professionals, and as fans.
July 10, 2014 § Leave a comment
Back-to-school is in full swing now. The traditional back-to-school season has changed and marketers need to make note. The reason for many of these changes are year-round school schedules, just-in-time shopping, online shopping habits and budgets. The back-to-school season has become more of a pinnacle of an ongoing activity than a confined season.
How big is back-to-school? The average family will spend $670 on shopping this year, up 5% from 2013 according to the National Retail Federation. However, 21% of families with children in elementary, middle school or high school reported in a NRF survey they will spend less this year.
Did you know? Combined school and college spending was estimated at $72.5 billion, making it the second-biggest season for retailers. Winter holiday ranks first at $84 billion and Mother’s Day comes in at third at $21 billion.
Here are five things to know about this year.
1. Back-to-school shopping starts in July. Americans began their search as early as June last year. Google conducted a study during the 2013 season and found that 23% of respondents began back-to-school research before July 4, with nearly two-thirds (65%) starting by the end of July. In contrast, only 35% said they made a purchase by the end of July.
The spending is spread out over several months, with traditional spending in August and September. The early shoppers take advantage fresh merchandise, early bird sales and comparison shopping, while the later shoppers are necessity shopping and maybe taking advantage of end-of-season sales.
One difference in the early and traditional shopper may be their form of shopping. The early shoppers are using their desktop and tablets to shop, while the more traditional are using mobile devices and shopping in-store.
During back-to-school 2013, competitive pricing was the top use of mobile, with 66 percent of shoppers planning to use their smartphones to obtain price information and 60 percent to obtain discounts, coupons, or sale information–up 15 percentage points from 2012. There is a whopping 78% of smartphone owners using their mobile devices for shopping.
2. Just in time shopping. The mall has been replaced by online and teens are constantly shopping for new ideas. The world of disposable fashion has lead teens to take advantage of affordable retailers and wait to see what their friends are wearing. Digital-native students are shopping constantly throughout the year, even if they’re not buying.
Just-in-time shopping also shows that as many as 50% parents only buy what is essential for back to school and then buy additional needs during the holiday season, when they expect the best deals. It is a way of spreading out the shopping expense to make it more manageable for their budget. And parents are saving money by buying store-brand items, shopping sales and using coupons.
3. Online is #3 destination. eMarketer forecasts that digital sales for the back-to-school season will increase 16.0% in 2014. One-third of all back-to-school shoppers will make an online purchase, and 45% of back-to-college shoppers will head online. According to Deloitte, among top back-to-school shopping destinations in 2013, 36 percent of consumers shopped online, moving online shopping to the third destination behind discount and office supply/technology stores, a significant jump from the No. 8 position in 2012.
4. College Online Spending Big. More than $3 of every $5 aimed at back-to-school clothes and supplies is spent on college-bound students. A PM Digital report shows online shoppers stealing 37% of this market as the online college segment spends over $1,100 per family. In fact, shopping expenditures are higher online – with 37.3% K-12 and 37.1% college students buying through e-commerce.
5. Smartphone Tool for Shopping. During back-to-school 2013, competitive pricing was the top use of mobile, with 66 percent of shoppers planning to use their smartphones to obtain price information and 60 percent to obtain discounts, coupons, or sale information–up 15 percentage points from 2012. There is a whopping 78% of smartphone owners using their mobile devices for shopping.
What should marketers do this season?
1. Make sure your campaigns are live now and active through September. To stand out, thing about using video and consumer stories to help tell the story. Search should be already in place.
2. Make sure content is available on tablet and mobile. Don’t forget social. Hashtags like #stapleshasit and L.L.Bean’s #packmentality, which leapt from social media into display, email and print last season, will proliferate in 2014.
3. Solicit stories from your customers to drive positive reviews.
4. Time your sales (early-bird and end of season) to match buying periods.
5. Differentiate between back-to-school and back-to-college.
July 8, 2014 § Leave a comment
Gender is less of a definer for identity today than it was for previous generations. With Millennials representing 23.5% of the U.S. population, these 18-34 year-olds are changing society in profound ways.
According to the recent Intelligence Group Cassandra Gender survey, more than two-thirds of participants agree that gender does not define a person the way it once did. This survey included 900 people ages 14-34, two-thirds of which are 18-24. Another 60% think that gender lines are blurred. The younger generations are avoiding conformity, and gender stereotypes are just that. Now there is greater fluidity to transition between genders and find the personal interpretation.
According to Peter Sprigg, a senior fellow for policy studies in the Family Research Council, stereotypes have faded: “For example, no one today disputes that women can be successful doctors, lawyers, business leaders, or public officials. Such a trend is far different from asserting that differences between the sexes do not exist, or that such differences are entirely a social construct rather than the result of innate biological factors.”
Here are some additional results from the Cassandra Gender Report:
68% of women and 71% of men felt that it was okay for women to propose to men
95% of women are good with girls playing traditionally male sports
85% of men are okay with stay-at-home dads
94% of women agree with women in the military
81% of men are fine with female breadwinners
From college housing, clothing, language, and parenting we are seeing more gender-neutral trends from the Millennials. Two thirds of the population says that their generation is pushing the boundaries of what feminism and masculinity look like, and the majority is excited about it. The year 2013 included some of the most unisex names to date such as Riley, Peyton, Rowan, and Addison.
But the younger generations are not the only ones noting this gender-free transition. College campuses have been in the lead by creating gender-neutral bathrooms and housing, allowing students to share roommates with any sex. Similarly, state governments have begun changing statutes to include gender-neutral pronouns. Looks like the Millennials are making headway in changing the perception of gender roles.
Post by Claire Whorton, advertising senior at the University of Alabama.
June 14, 2014 § Leave a comment
Fathers have a big impact on what their little girls do later in life. I remember my husband taking that first look at our little red-head when she was born and saying, “No one is going to stand in the way of anything she wants to do.”
It seems there is actual research to back up the father’s role in gender equality in the workplace, but the research is a little different than you might imagine; it’s not just about attitudes but more about actions. The study, from the University of British Columbia, shows that households with more gender-egalitarian roles actually inspire girls to wide-reaching career roles. Another case of “it’s not what you say, but what you do.”
What does this mean? In households where parents share household duties, girls were more likely to see their future roles with less gender bias.
“Even when fathers publicly endorsed gender equality, if they retained a traditional division of labor at home, their daughters were more likely to envision themselves in traditionally female-dominant jobs, such as nurse, teacher, librarian, or stay-at-home-mom,” reports the Association for Physiological Science.
As the mother, my gender and work equality beliefs are key in predicting my children’s attitudes toward gender, but, according to the study, the strongest predictor of daughters’ own professional ambitions was their fathers’ approach to household chores.
Why is this important to know?
“This study is important because it suggests that achieving gender equality at home may be one way to inspire young women to set their sights on careers from which they have traditionally been excluded,” says Alyssa Croft, a PhD Candidate in the University of British Columbia’s Dept. of Psychology.
Back to the Dunham household, I have to thank my husband on this Father’s Day for being an inspiration for our daughter. He has been there to share in everything as we brought up a strong daughter and strong son. He has cooked, folded clothes, fixed cars and even shopped with our children. Today, our daughter is a rising public relations professional.
June 7, 2014 § 2 Comments
Having the perfect marriage and the nuclear family of two parents, 2.5 kids, and a house in the suburbs is no longer the ideal of many women. There is now a significant portion of women who are not marrying, marrying later, living single, living with a same-sex partner, divorced, or widowed. One-third of all women, or 19 million women, do not have children.
DeVries Global has done research on women in 2014 with a specific focus on “The Otherhood” – women who do not have children by choice or chance. Research shows this is a large group; some 47% of women of the childbearing age in the US do not have kids.
Here are some of the insights about these independent women who are not parents.
1. Well educated and Smart. The research found that 75 percent of women without children had some college or above, compared to 67 percent of women with kids. Additionally, 37 percent have a Bachelor Degree or higher while almost 10 percent have an advanced or professional degree.
2. Social Clout. These women have an extremely large social network consisting of more than 1500 friends and followers across several social media platforms. She spends approximately the same amount of time on social networks as moms (28 hours per week!) but her choices might be less Facebook and more Pinterest.
3. Spending More Per Person. She is spending outspending mom on a per person basis. She is spending double on beauty and personal care and 35% more per person on groceries. She is more likely to shop in a drugstore than a Wal-Mart or Target. She has a monthly budget and she uses coupons. She is slightly more likely to compare prices online.
4. Finding Success, Then Love. The top priorities in her life are career success and love. Oh, and love does not necessarily mean marriage. They rank marriage and having kids well behind finding love. Many want to establish their careers before they consider marriage. It’s more about self-reliance.
Dr. Janet Taylor observes, “Having it all doesn’t just mean you are a working woman who is a mom, having it all means having a life that has meaning and purpose. If you are single and childless, you can still have that.”
5. Loving Children. The study found that children play an active role in the lives of 80 percent of non-moms. And 36% of non-moms are voluntarily without children. When asked if they wanted children of their own, the group had diverse answers. While being an aunt is enough for some, nearly half (46%) of non-moms want to be mothers. Some 18 percent are on undecided. For those undecided or do not want children, giving up their freedom was the number one reason non-moms were hesitant about having children.
6. Free to Travel. Women are living an independent lifestyle, traveling more often and many times alone. Fifty-nine percent say travel is a passion. Non-moms spend 60% more days abroad per year than moms, and those that are in a relationship spend more than twice as much time away with their partner than mom.
7. Happy and Fulfilled. Non-moms can find happiness in rich and intimate friendships, meaningful careers, lives of adventure, and love in different forms. There is no longer a stereotype that having children is the only path – 80 percent of non-moms felt they could lead a happy life without children, whether or not they want children of their own.
How to Reach these Independent Women
• Show her life with authenticity. Don’t focus just on the work component.
• Celebrate her independence, resilience and autonomy.
• Recognize her influence online and her taste.
• Look for opportunities to market to her like solo travel experiences.
• Segment her psychographic group as a target audience, looking at her buying habits and needs.
May 17, 2014 § 2 Comments
New research shows that female CEOs and senior executive women like Jill Abramson are more likely to be abruptly fired, thrown off the “glass cliff”, than men. Researchers at Strategy& have released a report that found that women are forced out of chief executive positions more than a third of the time, while only a quarter of men in similar positions experience the same fate. Oh, by the way, women only represent about 3% of new CEOs.
An illustration of this phenomenon could be the recent unceremonious departure of Jill Abramson as executive editor of The New York Times. Reporters everywhere are trying to get to the bottom of the story. Is this a story of classic gender discrepancy where men are seen as strong, driven, and effective leaders while women are seen as churlish, pushy and bossy? Was she a victim of the “glass cliff theory” where companies promote women to power in times of corporate crisis and then see their “management styles” as ineffective? Doing your job may not always be enough. During Abramson’s tenure, the New York Times won eight Pulitzer prizes, signups for digital increased, and the company stock doubled.
What does research show?
Women are more often hired from outside the company and women are more often forced out of the office (38% women vs. 27% men). Many of these companies still lack enough female senior executives below the CEO level who can move up to a CEO position. Companies hiring female executives from outside are also likely to be less tolerant of shortcomings than they are with executives groomed in-house. And external CEOs are seven times more likely to be dismissed after a short tenure. What happens after a female CEO is fired? The boardrooms fall back into traditional behavior - they hire white men with experience.
Should we “Ban Bossy”?
Sheryl Sandberg and the Girl Scouts agree on one thing – We should “Ban Bossy”. The word bossy can discourage women from seeking leadership positions. In one of Sandberg’s anti-bossy spots, celebrity Beyoncé proclaims, “I’m not bossy. I’m the boss.” According to the Girl Scouts Ban Bossy National Youth Poll 2014, more than a third of girls who are called “bossy” lose interest in leading and stop making decisions or suggestions.
While women are increasing the top levels of management, there is still a long way to go. The proportion of women in the CEO position has doubled to nearly 4% in the past five years and could rise to 33% by 2040. But old habits, the gender norms of corporate leadership, remain hard to change.
May 13, 2014 § 1 Comment
As I was munching on my McDonald’s salad at my desk today, I started wondering about the fate of lunch in America. I certainly don’t seem to break for lunch as often as I used to. In fact, the phrase lunch hour is even misleading. In a recent study , 48% of employees say that the typical lunch break is 30 minutes or less. And in another study by Staples, 19% of employees say they don’t stop for lunch at all. In 2010, Monster found that more than 20 percent of workers say they always eat lunch at their desks.
The lunch “break” has turned into a time for errands, online shopping, more work and maybe a quick bite. Here are some of the reasons behind these trends.
• The recession spawned a cutback in personal and business spending. And currently the IRS only allows 50% of entertainment expenses. With a focus on productivity, some employees feel pressure to work more and don’t feel they have time for lunch.
• Working women have a lot of tasks to accomplish. Any given day may include errands, online shopping, haircuts and a quick bite. Working moms are 13% more likely to have spent $2500+ on internet purchases, 10% more likely to do their banking online and they own almost every mobile device technology that allows them to shop.
• Lunch hour shopping trends show 84% of moms shop 15 minutes or more a day at work. And most of that shopping happens between 11 a.m. and 2 p.m. Some 43% of female workers say they did their holiday shopping online while at work, compared to only 35% of male workers. Not surprisingly, 21% of back to school shopping happens online. Woman shoppers use the time as a welcome break from their office routine and would rather shop online than go to a mall.
Some categories have benefitted from this trend. Certainly online shopping of all kinds has prospered. Retailers see rising traffic during the 11 a.m. and 2 p.m. period and some are creating two-hour “stop, drop and shop” promotions during that lunch window. Grocery stores have embraced the trend with more “grab and go” lunch foods. According to market researcher NPD Group, grocers have seen their lunchtime purchases of prepared food like sandwiches and salads jump by 28% since 2008. And fast casual restaurants like Panera and Chipotle provide high quality food options with a lower time commitment. There is also a trend to wanting snacks at all times to tide workers over to dinner time.
In the world of advertising and marketing, the three martini lunches were legend. Gerald Ford said, “The three-martini lunch is the epitome of American efficiency. Where else can you get an earful, a bellyful and a snootful at the same time?” While some still remember those long lost “Mad Men” three martini lunches fondly, in retrospect, they seem indulgent and luxurious. Time might have been the true luxury. Maybe those lunches were not very productive, but they did provide opportunity for marketers and clients to know each other better. Maybe we have traded the martini for the macchiato, but that coffee with a client might be a great time to really talk, listen to each other and share ideas freely. Cheers!
April 30, 2014 § 1 Comment
For those of us who have been in marketing for years, the ubiquitous demographics fell into chunks of age groups, marital status, presence of children, job title and ethnicities that allowed us to purchase mass audiences with ease. While those demos might change per product, the world seemed a static place. But today’s world is changing in ways we could not have imagined at the heyday of mass media. We need to adjust our thinking and our marketing to these new realities.
We have tried to capture just a few of the seismic shifts happening, as identified by Pew Research.
1. America is becoming multi-colored. Pew describes it best by saying that “we were once a black and white country. Now, we’re a rainbow.” Currently America is 64% white, 12% black, 16% Hispanic, 5% Asian and 3% other. By 2060, we are projected to be 43% white, 13% Black and 31% Hispanic. The immigrants of the early 20th century were all European. Half of all immigrants in the last half of the 20th century and early 21st century have been from Latin America. But the truth is we are moving to a much more homogenized appearance. Some 43% of Millennial adults are non-white, the highest share of any generation. The majority of Americans are estimated to be non-white by 2043.
2. Intermarriage is blurring racial lines. Racial intermarriage was frowned upon in earlier years and downright illegal in nearly one-third of the states. Today one in six marriages are inter-racial or mixed ethnicities. Even President Obama, Tiger Woods, and Bruno Mars are examples of the new mixed ethnicity and culture we see in today’s world. Half of all newborns in the United States is non-white. Stephen Stearns, a Yale professor of ecology and evolutionary biology, says globalization, immigration, cultural diffusion and the ease of modern travel will gradually homogenize the human population, averaging out many racial traits, and making the presence of brown skin much more prevalent.
3. Marriage is deemed less important today. Just 26% of Millennials (age 18-33) are currently married. When Gen Xers were the same age some 36% were married, and 48% of Baby Boomers were married. More than 65% of the Silent Generation (ages 65 and older) were married when they were aged 18-33. Some think that the recession had a lot to do with delayed marriages among Millennials, but there are many factors. Some 44% of Millennials say that marriage is becoming obsolete. Today’s couples are marrying later, sometimes after they have started a family, or not at all. In 2012, 47% of births to Millennial women were non-marital, compared with 21% among older women.
4. Parenthood is valued over marriage. Maybe it’s because the stigma of out-of-wedlock births is fading, or today’s parents saw too many broken relationships among their parents. But in today’s world millennials value the parent experience over marriage. A 2010 Pew Research survey found that 52% of Millennials say being a good parent is “one of the most important things” in life. Just 30% say that having a successful marriage is one of the most important things.
5. Millennials are detached from institutions. Some 29% of Milliennials are religiously unaffiliated, compared to 16% of their Boomer parents. And 50% of them consider themselves political independents, yet they are more liberal. The connections that they establish are online. They are digital natives in the center of their social world.
6. Breadwinner Moms are prevalent. Today, four in ten households with children under 18 include mothers who are either the sole or primary source of income for the family. Some 50 years ago, that number was one in ten. The “breadwinner moms” are made up of two very different groups: 5.1 million (37%) are married mothers who have a higher income than their husbands, and 8.6 million (63%) are single mothers. This growth is tied to many trends including the fact that women make up some 47% of the today’s workforce. Today only 20% of children live in households with a married stay-at-home mother with a working husband, compared to 41% of children in 1970.
7. Young women are succeeding in education, jobs and pay. Young women are more educated than men. Thirty eight percent of women aged 25-32 have at least a four-year degree, compared with 31% of men. They are also beginning to be paid at near parity with men. Women’s earnings in this age group were 93% of their male counterparts in 2012. Another new change among married women was noted in 2012, 21% had spouses who were less educated than they were—a 3x increase from 1960.
8. Grandparents are Second Parents. One in ten children live with a grandparent and many are being cared for primarily by a grandparent. In 80% of the households where children are living with a grandparent, at least one of the child’s parents is also in the household. The reasons for this care are teen parents, disability, unemployment and parent school enrollment. Grandparents are an important force in most families. Some 75% of Boomer grandparents are involved in the raising of their grandchildren, and using that disposable income on Junior.
9. The Aging of America is happening every day. For all of our years, our age ranges have looked like a pyramid, with babies at the bottom and just a few 85+ at the top. But from 1960 to 2060, our pyramid is going to turn into a rectangle. We will have almost as many Americans over age 85 as under age 5. This is the result of longer life spans and lower birthrates. Today, 10,000 baby boomers turn 65 every day between now and 2030.